Heart bypass surgery is the most common type of heart surgery performed on adults. Doctors recommend heart bypass surgery when one or more of the blood vessels that transport blood to the heart muscles are blocked.
Heart bypass surgery is a complicated procedure that involves a significant amount of preparation and recovery time. Occasionally, someone must undergo emergency heart bypass surgery, but most of the time the operation is planned.
Heart bypass surgery is an effective procedure that reduces the risk of heart attack and death. The procedure might also ease symptoms of coronary artery disease, such as chest pain.
What is the procedure?
Doctors typically have a different way to fix the blockage. If left untreated, coronary artery disease can lead to heart attack and even death.
When possible, doctors may try to resolve blocked arteries with medical treatment and Minimally invasive heart valve surgeries. If these options do not work or are not suitable for a patient, surgeons might decide to perform heart bypass surgery which is one of the most effective weapons against blocked arteries.
Heart Bypass Surgery involves removing a blood vessel from the chest, arms, or legs and using it to create a detour or bypass around the blockage. This allows blood to reach the heart again. Removing a blood vessel from another part of the body will not substantially affect blood flow in the area the vessel came from.
Surgeons can address more than 1 artery in a single operation. A double bypass involves 2 repairs, a triple bypass involves 3, and a quadruple bypass involves 4. The quintuple bypass is the most intricate heart bypass surgery and includes all 5 of the major arteries feeding the heart.
Types of heart bypass surgery
Heart bypass surgery is typically an open-heart surgery, which means that the surgeon cuts the chest open to reach the heart. The surgeon can then perform the surgery “on-pump” or “off-pump.”
On-pump surgery involves using a heart-lung machine that circulates blood and breathes for the body. The machine allows doctors to stop the heart, which makes the operation easier.
Off-pump surgery, also called “beating heart surgery,” takes place while the heart is still beating, but does not use the heart-lung machine.
Sometimes, a surgeon can perform heart bypass surgery without opening the chest by making an incision of 2 inches or less and reach the heart through the ribs. The procedure takes about 2 hours, and most patients are able to recover as usual in about 10 days times.
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