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Importance of Iodine in Salt

Importance of Salt

Salt, also known chemically as sodium chloride, is a necessary mineral that is vital to maintaining a variety of physiological processes in the human body. Salt, which contains sodium, is essential for the transmission of nerve impulses and for controlling fluid balance, which helps to prevent dehydration and maintain healthy blood pressure. Additionally, salt changes eating patterns by improving the flavor of food and making it more pleasant and enjoyable.


Why Salt in Malaysia are Fortified with Iodine

Iodine is a crucial trace element that is necessary for the thyroid gland to operate properly and for sustaining general health. It is needed for producing thyroid hormones, which are necessary for controlling metabolism, growth, and development. Iodine deficiency can cause a number of health concerns, such as thyroid disorders, issues with children's growth, and goiter (thyroid gland enlargement). Many nations, including Malaysia, have put in place iodine fortification initiatives to address this issue. Iodine deficiency used to be a major public health issue in Malaysia, causing a variety of health problems.


Iodized salt is a method in which iodine is added to table salt as a solution to this problem. Iodine is present in iodized salt in a tiny, controlled proportion, ensuring that individuals consume a proper amount of this crucial nutrient each day. People can readily and regularly consume iodine without having to significantly alter their eating habits thanks to the addition of iodine to salt. This approach has shown to be successful in reducing iodine deficiency and the health issues it is connected with. It's important to remember that iodized salt should be used sparingly because too much iodine can be harmful to your health.



Benefits of Iodine

Regulate Metabolism

The body's metabolic rate, which affects how effectively calories are burned for energy, is regulated by thyroid hormones. Iodine consumption that is enough supports a healthy metabolism and guards against problems brought on by either an underactive or overactive thyroid gland.


Avoid Birth Defect

The normal development of the fetal brain and nervous system depends on the pregnant woman consuming enough iodine to promote this growth. Iodine deficiencies during pregnancy can give birth to children who have intellectual impairments and other developmental problems.


Normalize Thyroid Function

Adequate iodine intake supports the normal structure and operation of the thyroid gland, which helps prevent thyroid illnesses like goiter (an enlarged thyroid gland) and hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid).


Healthy Brain Development

Iodine is crucial for healthy brain development, especially throughout pregnancy and the early years of childhood. Inadequate iodine consumption during these crucial times can result in developmental delays and cognitive disabilities.


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Written by: Alia Adrina Asri

Love Earth Nutritionist

BSc Nutrition (Hons)