For anyone who has been through a coronary artery bypass surgery or wants to avoid it, keeping our blood vessels clear is the key to prevent it.
Recovering from cardiac bypass surgery generally takes most people anywhere from 6-8 weeks to 3 months. Before leaving the hospital, the doctor will be giving a detailed instruction for exercise, medications, follow up appointments, ongoing wound care and resuming normal activities.
Patients are also be encouraged to get a cardiac rehabilitation program, which is a dedicated program that helps to support recovery and get back to our everyday routine.
Besides that, focus on eating a healthy diet is also a critical part in the recovering process. This will help our body to heal, reduce the risk of complications and enable us to recover well. Many studies have shown that a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and seeds can reduce the risk of heart disease.
During the recovery process after leaving the hospital, some people may experience poor appetite and find that food has lost its flavor or may also taste a strange metallic in the mouth. This can be caused by the operation or medication and can take 3 months to fully recover. Try to eat small amounts of food often.
A healthy diet provides our body with plenty of heart-protective nutrients – like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and dietary fiber. Ideally, our diet should include:
- Meat – Or meat alternatives such as eggs, tofu, legumes and nuts
- Fish – 2 serves of oily fish that rich in heart-healthy omega-3 per weeks such as salmon, mackerel or sardines.
- Wholegrains – Good whole grain choices such as wholemeal or wholegrain bread or crackers, brown rice, wholemeal pasta, quinoa, barley, rolled oats, and couscous.
- Dairy – Low-fat dairy product
- Healthy fats – Small amount of healthy fats and oils from nuts, seeds, avocado, and oily fish
- Drink – Avoid sugary soft drinks and drink alcohol only in moderation
- Aim to consume 2 serves of fruit, 5 serves of vegetables and 4 or more serves of whole grains – depending on your energy needs. Some other tips to help you eat well include:
- Reduce salt intake – Use as little salt as possible when cooking as this will help to lower blood pressure and help prevent fluid retention
- Avoid sugary foods – These are often eaten in place of healthy foods and could contribute to weight gain
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